Retinal vasculopathy is a term for retina disorders that are associated with disease of the blood vessels in the eye.
The causes of retinal vasculopathy are most commonly high blood pressure, ischemia, and neovascularization. These occur in such disorders as diabetes, macular degeneration, retinal occlusions and more.
When retinal vasculopathy impacts the peripheral retina, you may not have many visual symptoms, or you may notice a wedge out of your peripheral vision. When retinal vascullpathy is located in the mid and center area of your retina, you may notice a significant decrease in your vision.
Diagnosing retinal vascular disorders requires a dilated eye examination performed by a retinal specialist, testing which includes fluorescein angiogram and optical coherence tomography, and a complete medical history.
Treatment for retinal vasculopathy will depend on the cause, however, you commonly will benefit from injections of medication into the eye, that reduce swelling, and cause regression of abnormal blood vessels.
A healthy lifestyle and regular medical examinations may help you prevent many complications of retinal vasculopathy. There is no sure way to prevent all forms of this disorder. Treatment is usually successful in slowing or stopping the progression of retinal vessel disorders.
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